Dietitian vs. Nutritionist – What’s the Difference in Canada? 

Ever wonder about the difference between a Dietitian vs. a Nutritionist?

Dietitian vs. Nutritionist: It’s all about something called a protected title. 

To start with, protected titles help the public easily identify qualified health care professionals that they can rely on. For example, not just anyone can call themselves a Medical Doctor, Pharmacist, Nurse or Dietitian. 


In Canada Dietitian, and Registered Dietitian, are protected titles. 

Moreover, it is important to know that not just anyone can call themselves a Dietitian. All over Canada the terms Dietitian and Registered Dietitian (RD) have protected titles. This means that only people who have the following qualifications can call themselves one. 

  • Complete a 4-year bachelor’s degree with a specialization in human nutrition. There is also a master’s degree route to become an RD which is very common in parts of the country, in which case the bachelor’s degree might be in any subject, but the master’s degree will be specific to nutrition.
  • Pass a national registration exam.
  • Complete a 1-year internship with rotations in hospital, community, clinical, and food service settings. 
  • Meet annual continuing education requirements.
  • If you’re unsure, look for RD, RDN, or Dt. P (French) behind a name and check with the College of Dietitians of your province to verify they are registered.


What about the term Nutritionist, is that a protected title too? 

In Nova Scotia, Quebec and Alberta the term Nutritionist is a protected title. This means that people with a nutrition background who aren’t members of the regulatory body in those provinces, cannot use the title Nutritionist.

In other words, if you’re not a Dietitian, you can’t be a Nutritionist either in Nova Scotia, Quebec, or Alberta.

In all other provinces and territories, the title Nutritionist is not a protected title. This means anyone could legally call themselves a Nutritionist without reliable qualifications.


What about other terms? 

Terms such as Nutritional Consultant, or Nutrition Coach refer to those who do not have the same education and training as Dietitians. 

Dietitian providing services


Dietitian vs. Nutritionist: Education Requirements  

What type of education does a Dietitian have? 

To begin with, in Canada, Dietitians complete a degree in human nutrition and dietetics from an accredited university program, a 35-40 week internship program or master’s degree, and a licensing exam. 

Regional Colleges accredit their Dietitians and make them regulated health professionals who are legally responsible for the advice that they give. 

Accordingly, these qualifications enable Dietitians to work in hospitals, schools, restaurants, government policy, long-term care facilities, and private practice. 


What type of education does a Nutritionist have? 

Which province in Canada you are in determines the type of education your Nutritionist has. 

Confusing… we hear you! 

At places like Nova Scotia, Quebec and Alberta the term Nutritionist is a protected title, and hence, not just anyone from any background can use such terms. In these provinces, a Nutritionist will have the same education as an RD.

In other provinces and territories, you will want to inquire about what education your Nutritionist has prior to receiving services. 

Often to clear up this confusion, usually, Nutritionists who qualify as Dietitians will have the credentials RD, RDN, or Dt. P (French) behind their names. 


What type of education does a Nutrition Consultant or Nutrition Coach have? 

Terms such as Nutritional Consultant or Nutrition Coach refer to those who do not have the same education and training as Dietitians. 

Nutrition Consultants and Coaches can have varying levels of education. 

For example, some may have a general nutrition degree without a Dietetics program or specialization. 

Whereas others may have taken a few nutrition courses in university/college or may have received a certificate from a private online certification program.  

To add on, Nutrition Consultants and Coaches may have trained in different approaches than Dietitians involving more emphasis on using supplements or Eastern Medicine methods; such as acupuncture or Chinese herbal medicine. 

Nutritional Consultants and Coaches do not need to have completed an accredited program with a college/university and are not part of a regulated college. 


What does a Dietitian do? 

According to Dietitians of Canada 

“Dietitians empower their patients, clients, and communities to embrace food, to understand it, and to enjoy it. The advice and information they provide is tailored to their clients and patients personal needs and challenges, including taste and accessibility. They translate the science of nutrition into terms everyone can understand to support healthy living for all Canadians.” (Dietitians of Canada


What can a Dietitian do for you? 

There are plenty of reasons that you may want to see a Dietitian! 

For instance, if you would like to improve your eating habits, positively change your relationship with food, or learn more about sports nutrition, then it may benefit you to meet with a Dietitian! 

Moreover, if you would like to learn about emotional eating, intuitive eating, ideal food timing, digestive health, or would like to manage a health condition, such as irritable bowel syndrome, celiac disease, PCOS, or food allergies/intolerances then Dietitians are your go-to! 

Additionally, since Dietitians are regulated health professionals, you can use your benefits to cover their services. 

Many of the services Dietitians offer are free via provincial health services such as Alberta Health Services! 


Dietitians are not the Food Police! 

Dietitians look at your unique nutrition needs or want, and give suggestions based on your personal likes and dislikes. They work collaboratively with patients or clients to determine what works best for them with regards to their lifestyle, personal preferences, ethnicity, budget, and other factors that are unique to each individual. 

For example, Dietitians won’t ask you to give up cake if you really enjoy it since many Dietitians believe that all foods fit into a healthy eating pattern! 

Also, Dietitians answer your questions and provide education based on client-led sessions. This means that the client will be leading the majority of the session. 

Most importantly, Dietitians will not tell you what to do since you are the expert of your own body! 


Dietitian vs. Nutritionist: Who Should You Choose? 

Dietitians are the experts in nutrition for Canadians. In Canada, Dietitians provide you with evidence-based information while tailoring it to your needs. 

Services provided by Dietitians are often covered by benefits so ask your benefits provider if they cover nutrition consults by Dietitians. 

Find a Dietitian near you!


This article “Dietitian vs. Nutritionist,” is written by Gurveen Jaggi. Gurveen is a University of Alberta student studying to become a Dietitian. Edited by Jessica Eddy, RD. Learn more about Jessica Eddy’s nutrition practice here. 


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Some key differences between Dietitians and Nutritionists explained.